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CASE GUARANTEES BECOME ILLEGAL IN CANADA

Oct. 6 1908 – It became illegal to offer time guarantees on pocket watch cases in Canada.

Owen-Goeke Hearings 1913

The above Owen-Goeke link relates to hearings before a Subcommittee of the US House of Representatives on Bills Relative To The Subject Of Fraud In Commodities in Interstate Commerce (The Manufacture And Sale Of Watch Cases). Dec. 13 and 17, 1913.

The Owen-Goeke Bill is an attempt to abolish watch case time guarantees in the US (which did not happen until 1924) and during the hearings  is referenced  that watch case guarantees became illegal in Canada in Oct. 1908.

The text of the hearings goes on for over 150 pages and will be of much interest to watch collectors.

E.M. Trowern Letter Preamble Owen Goeke Hearings 1913.png
Preamble to E.M. Trowern letter in the link below ( P. 273 Owen-Goeke Hearings 1913)

On page 273  is a letter from  E.M. Trowern, Secretary  of the Retail Merchants Assoc. of Canada regarding the elimination of Canadian  time guarantees.  E. M Trowern Letter


How Time Guarantees Became Illegal in Canada

In 1907 appeared a publication entitled Some Reasons Why a Bill Entitled “An Act To Amend The Gold And Silver Marking Act” (1906) Should Not Be Passed

The above amendment publication contains, on the second page, the provisions of the 1906 Act.

They are:

As a protection to the honest manufacturers well as to the consumer, an Act was passed providing that goods, when marked at all, should have three separate and distinct marks as follows:

(a)  The trade mark of the manufacturer, registered in Canada

(b)  A letter to indicate the period of time when the article was manufactured 

(c)  A mark truly indicating the quality of gold in the article.

The Goldsmith’s Bill – Case Letter Requirements, Montreal Gazette July 4, 1906

These case marking requirements referenced in The Goldsmith’s Bill link above and shown below were never put into practice as the 1906 Act was suspended then abolished by the 1908 Act.

Case Letter Requirements. Montreal Gazette Jul.4 1906 copy.jpg
Case Letter Requirements Jul 1906

Now we skip ahead a year to: A Synopsis of the Canadian Gold and Silver Marking Act (1908) which is published by the Trader and Canadian Jeweler.

It states on the first page (numbered 3):

The present Act takes the place of an Act which was placed upon the Statute Books in 1907, and which did not meet with the approval of the entire trade. The Act of 1907 was suspended and a committee, representing the retail wholesale and manufacturing jewellers, was appointed to prepare a new Act and submit it to the Government, which they did, and which is now law.

This Act was passed June 26, 1908 but came into operation on Oct. 1, 1908.

It states on page 5/6:

Guarantees:

Everyone is guilty of an indictable offence, who makes use of any printed or written matter or advertisement, or applies any mark to any gold or silver plated article, or gold filled or rolled gold plate, or electroplated article, guaranteeing or purporting to guarantee that any such article will wear or last for any specified time. 

It states on page 12:

Repeal of Acts.

19. The following Acts are hereby repealed.

(1)  Chapter 90 of the Revised Statutes, intituled, An Act Respecting the Sale and Marking of Manufactures of Gold and Silver.
(2)  Chapter 17 of the Statutes of 1907, intituled, An Act to amend the Gold and Silver Marking Act.
(3)  The Act passed in the present Session of Parliament, intituled, An Act to  amend the Gold and Silver Marking Act.


Sources:

The Trader and Canadian Jeweler, issues at internet archives.org

1879-1881

1882-1886

1890

1900

1920

Owen Goeke Hearings 1913

Paid membership is required to access the following sources:

The Canadian Manufacturer & Industrial world 1891 – Early Canadiana Online – http://eco.canadiana.ca

Commemorative Biographical Record of the County of York Ontario, J.H. Beers 1907 – Early Canadiana Online – http://eco.canadiana.ca (CBRCYO)

The Trader & Canadian Jeweller Dec 1896 – Early Canadiana Online – http://eco.canadiana.ca

P.3

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INDEX

Pg. 1 – HISTORY
Pg. 2 – CASE CHRONOLOGY
Pg. 3 – CASE GUARANTEES BECOME ILLEGAL IN CANADA – 1908
Pg. 4 – The 07/08 QUESTION – CASE & MOVEMENT SERIAL NUMBERS WTH PHOTOS
Pg. 5 – FORTUNE 18s CASE AND MOVEMENT SERIAL NUMBERS WITH PHOTOS
Pg. 6 – CASHIER 18s CASE AND MOVEMENT SERIAL NUMBERS WITH PHOTOS
Pg. 7 – PREMIER 18s CASE AND MOVEMENT SERIAL NUMBERS WITH PHOTOS
Pg. 8 – EMPRESS 18s CASE AND MOVEMENT SERIAL NUMBERS WITH PHOTOS
Pg. 9 – SILVEROID/NICKEL SILVER 16s & 18s Case & Mvt. SN’s WITH PHOTOS
Pg. 10 – A.W.C.CO. COIN 16s & 18s PLUS EXCELSIOR – PERFECTION – N P – NEVADA  SN’s & PHOTOS
Pg. 11
Pg. 12
Pg. 13
Pg. 14
Pg. 15